Disc brakes are distinguished according to the driving mode, which can be divided into: hydraulic disc drive, wire pull drive, and wire pull the hydraulic disc drive.
1. Hydraulic disc brake
The principle is to use oil as the medium, compress the oil through the piston in the brake lever, and transmit the pressure through the oil to the caliper to rub the disc to act as a brake. This is what people often call "oil discs"; generally speaking, the oil pipes of hydraulic disc brakes are not affected by bending. Even if the oil pipes are folded to a more complicated angle, they can still provide excellent braking force. Most of the road models on the line choose hydraulic disc brakes. On the other hand, because hydraulic disc brakes must first ensure the sealing properties when using oily objects for transmission, hydraulic disc brakes have less force loss during transmission, and the force is direct, so gently pinch it down It can provide powerful braking force, which is also one of the biggest advantages of hydraulic disc brakes. At the same time, because of its closed system, the inside of the tubing is not invaded by dust, and the maintenance period is long.
Compared with the advantages of hydraulic disc brakes, the comprehensive promotion of hydraulic disc brakes shows that its shortcomings can almost be ignored in daily use. The most important disadvantage is that on the one hand, there is not much advantage in weight, on the other hand, it is more troublesome to install and replace, especially in the application of inner wiring frame, which requires disassembly and oil filling, which greatly increases the working time.
2. Wire pull disc brake
This is what people often call the "cable disc". The brake pads in the caliper move by the pull of the brake wire to rub the discs and produce a braking effect. Cable discs have greater advantages in weight and maintainability, and are usually cheaper than oil discs of the same grade. This is one of the reasons why low-end disc brakes will choose cable discs. On the other hand, when using the cable disc to upgrade from the clamper model, there is no need to change the hand change. However, because of the need for brake cables, the wiring of the cable tube cannot be bent significantly. When the fully hidden wiring method is now an advanced choice, the cable disc is almost invisible in the selection of high-end models; At the same time, the braking force of the cable disc is less than that of the oil disc, which makes many riders less confident when going downhill, and makes the film more difficult to adjust than the oil disc, and the probability of rubbing the disc is greatly increased.
3. Line pulling hydraulic disc brake
The development of this product was made in the early stage to make up for the delay in the development of the hydraulic manual transmission by the transmission kit manufacturer. It is also aimed at many people who want to upgrade the disc brake but do not want to replace the manual change, or want to neutralize the cumbersome installation of hydraulic disc brakes. A balanced product made with heavier weight.
Its basic principle can be divided into a cable pull cylinder, which is directly pulled through the cylinder to connect the caliper or the brake cable. The former was used on the Giant model and has now been eliminated. The latter is currently the mainstream way of line-to-oil disc brakes. This design is close to hydraulic drive in terms of braking force, and is relatively low in weight and price, and easier to maintain. The disadvantage is that it still can't adapt to the full internal wiring design, and wiring needs to be considered.
According to the installation method, it can be divided into: flat clamp and direct clamp. For the disc brake caliper, the early disc brake frame used the mountain bike's direct mounting standard, which can be directly installed on the frame without a conversion seat. Subsequently, Shimano introduced the flat mount caliper standard, which has been adopted by most frames. Used by vendors and kit vendors.
Flat mount disc brake clamp
Compared with the paperback specification, the size is smaller, lighter, and more beautiful. It is undoubtedly a good solution when road bikes are very sensitive to weight. The interface of the flat mount clamp is more compact, which is conducive to the integration with the front fork. The biggest difference is that the screw is directly screwed into the clamp from below and fixed from the frame. In addition to the screw tightening method, the clamp has other structures such as tubing and piston The structure and so on are the same as direct mounting.
Post mount disc brake clamp
The early clamps adopted the design of mountain bikes. Two fixing screws passed through the clamps from above and fixed to the frame or front fork. Due to the different sizes of discs, large adapters were often needed. Increased weight and reduced aesthetics. Due to the small selection of disc diameters on road bike, the importance of this wide-range adjustable design has been reduced and gradually replaced by plain packaging.